Download the CLN brochure here.

Green Infrastructure Resources

Are you a green infrastructure practitioner looking to augment your expertise? Check out our Green Infrastructure Resources page, including links to projects and events, as well as archives of past programs.

Rural Economic Resources

Are you a rural community member looking for tools to support economic development? Check out our Balancing Nature & Commerce Program page, featuring a community of practice, tools, resources and innovative strategies being implemented across the nation. Or download the Balancing Nature and Commerce brochure here

Mitigation Resources

Are you a regulator, user, or banker in the field of compensatory mitigation? Check out our Mitigation Resources page for case studies, articles and links.

Water Quality Markets: Resources

From September 15-17, 2015, the USDA and EPA cosponsored the National Workshop on Water Quality Markets. This event was hosted by the Robert B. Daugherty Water for Food Institute at the University of Nebraska and coordinated by The Conservation Fund. The Workshop highlighted recent progress in water quality trading across the country with an emphasis on policy, resources, and tool development. The Workshop also provided EPA and USDA with an opportunity to lay out their vision for the role of water quality markets in advancing conservation and water quality goals and to provide participants with the tools to engage in water quality markets. See our compendium of resources associated with this program.

December 31, 2014| Freshwater Institute

Physical Address:

1098 Turner Road
Shepherdstown, WV 25443-4228
Phone:  (304) 876-2815
Fax:  (304) 870-2208

Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday

Get Directions

Special Directions For Motor Freight and Parcel Deliveries

Historic Shepherdstown is turn-restricted for trucks and tractor trailers. From Hagerstown, MD: 

  • South on Rt. 65 (Sharpsburg Pike, I-70, exit 29) to Sharpsburg
  • Right at stop sign onto Rt. 34. Cross Potomac River bridge to Shepherdstown.
  • Straight through four-way stop sign on Rt. 480.
  • Go one mile and turn right at traffic light onto new bypass.
  • Proceed straight through traffic light at Rt. 45, one quarter mile to right onto Billmyer Mill Road.
  • Go one mile and turn right on Turner Road.
  • Go one mile to The Conservation Fund Freshwater Institute.
  • Turn right onto gravel driveway immediately after sign. Continue on driveway past barn to main research building entrance to the right.  Other than USPS all deliveries are directed to the reception office lobby.

We have adequate turn-around space for a tractor trailer, a loading dock and a tractor-mounted fork lift for unloading pallets. If you have a large or unusual load requiring special considerations please contact us in advance to assure appropriate assistance is available on your arrival.
December 31, 2014| Freshwater Institute
For nearly three decades, the Freshwater Institute has specialized in the research and design of aquaculture systems technology, as well as solutions to the water quality constraints and impacts presented by our farms and communities. Through our numerous publications, both in science and industry, we share our progress and research findings in order to support our complimentary goals of environmental sustainability, human health and economic vitality.




December 31, 2014| Freshwater Institute
By the Numbers:
Aquaculture provides over 50% of global seafood production.

The U.S. imports over 90% of edible seafood each year.

The U.S. is the largest market for Atlantic salmon worldwide yet we import 98% of Atlantic salmon.

The Freshwater Institute, a program of The Conservation Fund, focuses on the sustainability of the domestic seafood supply by providing solutions to enable the growth of environmentally-responsible aquaculture. Presently, demand for seafood can no longer be met by wild catch fisheries, leaving the increased demand to be supplied by aquaculture. Conventional aquaculture production of seafood cannot be significantly expanded without causing negative impacts on the environment. The Institute’s core competencies in aquaculture research, engineering and consulting, aquatic veterinary medicine, aquaculture husbandry and production, industry outreach, and water chemistry analysis are mobilized to address the current sustainability issues in the aquaculture industry.

Watch this video to find out more about the Freshwater Institute and how we are working towards a sustainable, local way to farm healthy fish that’s good for people, our economy and the environment.

December 31, 2014| Freshwater Institute

We started a podcast in 2020 as a new way to engage stakeholders and extend our work on land-based recirculating aquaculture systems. The podcast is produced in partnership with Annex Business Media, the publisher of aquaculture industry publications Hatchery International, Aquaculture North America, and RAStech. Freshwater Institute director Dr. Brian Vinci co-hosts the podcast with Mari-Len DeGuzman, editor of Hatchery International and RAStech publications. Together they tackle the important issues in land-based recirculating aquaculture systems with prominent industry leaders. Click below to listen the most recent episodes.

RAS TALK: 2021 Outlook

-January 14, 2021. Click here to listen.



-October 20, 2020. Click here to listen.


RAS TALK: Let's get technical

-September 2, 2020. Click here to listen.



-June 12, 2020. Click here to listen.


RAS Talk: Women in RAS

-April 28, 2020. Click here to listen.


RAS Talk: Covid-19 and the ‘new normal’

-March 30, 2020. Click here to listen.


RAS Talk: Keys to mitigating off-flavour in RAS-raised fish

-March 25, 2020. Click here to listen.


Investor Profile: Raising capital for your RAS project

-February 26, 2020. Click here to listen.


December 31, 2014| Freshwater Institute

There are no events currently scheduled. Please check back in the future.

For information about the Aquaculture Innovation Workshop, click here.

December 31, 2014| Mitigation Solutions
We provide expertise and counsel on:

  • Review of siting options
  • Developing comprehensive mitigation solutions
  • Establishing relationships with government agencies 
  • Implementing mitigation strategies when the permit is approved

Our skills and activities include:

  • Science-based mapping and analysis
  • Land-owner contact and negotiation
  • Fiscal agent for mitigation funds
  • Land acquisition and restoration
  • Due diligence of subcontactors
  • Community outreach and stakeholder engagement
  • Thorough analysis of review process, including:
    • Endangered Species Act (ESA) Permitting and Compliance, including development of Habitat Conservation Plans and Candidate Conservation Agreements with Assurances
    • National Environmental Policy Act documentation
    • Clean Water Act 404 permitting and compliance
    • Federal Land Policy and Management Act permitting and compliance
    • Migratory Bird Treaty Act and Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act compliance
    • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission permitting and compliance
    • Section 106 of the Historic Preservation Act compliance


  • Our Mitigations Solutions program is partnering with Kleinschmidt Associates, an engineering, regulatory and environmental consulting firm
December 31, 2014| Mitigation Solutions
By the Numbers:
The Conservation Fund has provided critical mitigation services for all seven sectors of major infrastructure development: wind, solar, oil, gas, transmission, hydro, and transportation!

Our Mitigation Solutions team brings together more than 100 years of pertinent expertise, having served as members of the regulated community, leaders in government agencies, as national and local conservation practitioners, and as specialists in land and financial transactions.  
Infrastructure improvements are underway throughout America, and we recognize that balancing economic development with sound environmental practices is essential for America's prosperity. Our mitigation solutions achieve important conservation results by protecting high-priority wildlife habitat, clean water, and recreation areas. 

We act as a partner, working with project developers, regulators and conservationists to create plans that mitigate for unavoidable impacts on our natural and cultural resources. We work at the site level, as well as at landscape scale, offering comprehensive, credible and highly efficient services to develop compensatory and voluntary mitigation packages. With keen understanding of business needs, deep legal expertise, comprehensive knowledge of conservation opportunities, and unmatched agency credibility, we deliver timely solutions to our partners.  Ultimately, conservation guides everything we do. 

Learn More

December 31, 2014| Mitigation Solutions
Our goal is to accomplish mitigation that is meaningful, comprehensive and transparent.  We believe that project developers should seek to avoid and/or minimize adverse impact, whenever possible.  When adverse impacts are unavoidable, however, compensatory mitigation packages will need to be developed in concert with legal requirements to  support conservation of similar resources. We are able to ‘turn-key’ implementation of these compensatory mitigation packages ensuring high-levels of conservation. 

We work to achieve enduring conservation solutions by protecting lands and waters with specific desired values, such as high-priority wildlife habitat, clean water and recreation areas.

Our role is to focus on conservation solutions that provide better ecological outcomes and therefore are more attractive to regulating agencies.  In this way, we help ensure that environmental considerations are not an afterthought. 
December 31, 2014| Mitigation Solutions
Our Mitigation Solutions team brings together more than 100 years of pertinent expertise, having served as leaders in government agencies, as national and local conservation practitioners, and as specialized practitioners in land and financial transactions.

We have earned the trust and confidence of federal, state and local agencies nationwide.

We are solutions-oriented.  We don’t shy away from challenging opportunities. Instead, we work in partnership to secure superior conservation outcomes.